Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarms in Rented Properties

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The requirement to have smoke alarms and Carbon Monoxide alarms fitted in privately rented homes.

New Law for Private Sector Landlords

From 1st October 2015 landlords of privately rented homes are required to:

  • Fit at least one smoke alarm on each floor within their properties
  • Fit a carbon monoxide alarm in rooms containing a solid fuel appliance
  • Check that all alarms are working when a new tenancy starts

The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015 came into force on 1st October 2015. Local Councils are responsible for enforcement of the regulations and must publish a statement of principles on how they will issue civil penalty charges for breaches of the regulations. Landlords who do not have smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors fitted and in full working order will be subject to remedial work by the Council and a penalty charge of up to £5000.

The Government allocated Kent Fire and Rescue Service 14,000 smoke alarms and 1,600 Carbon monoxide alarms to give to landlords of Kent privately rented houses for free. The Council still has some of these free smoke alarms available and if landlords wish to collect some, please contact the private sector housing team as detailed under further information. Landlords will be asked for details of the ownership and address of the property in which the alarms are to be installed. If the property already has a mains wired smoke and heat detection system on each floor within the dwelling, the smoke alarm requirement does not apply.

Exclusions to the regulations

  • Social landlords (registered providers)
  • Shared accommodation with landlord or landlord's family
  • Long lease tenancies (7 years or more)
  • Student halls of residence
  • Hostels and refuges
  • Care homes
  • Hospitals and Hospices
  • Accommodation relating to healthcare provision
  • Licensable HMOs (although amended licence conditions will apply)

Further information

For further advice and information on the new duties please contact the