Background to Brexit and links

Last Updated:

On 23rd June 2016, the United Kingdom (UK) voted to leave the European Union (EU):

Nationally, the result of the referendum was that 17.4 million people (51.9% of the total) voted to leave the EU, and 16.1 million (48.1%) voted to remain.

In the Tonbridge & Malling Borough, 41229 people (55.7%) voted to leave and 32792 (44.3%) voted to remain in the EU. This was a turnout of 79.6% of the electorate.

The UK Government invoked Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union in March 2017, triggering a two-year process of negotiations, culminating in the UK formally leaving the European Union on 29th March 2019 or at the end of any agreed extension or transition period.

Since that time a number of extensions were granted.

On 31 January 2020 the UK formally left the EU and entered a transition period until December 2020. The UK will continue to be treated as a Member State, and no new border controls will be implemented, until 31 December 2020.


There is no shortage of information and analysis available on Brexit, including speculative research, although navigating through it can be quite difficult.

A number of useful links are included here - but this is by no means an exhaustive list.