Background to Brexit and links

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On 23rd June 2016, the United Kingdom (UK) voted to leave the European Union (EU):

Nationally, the result of the referendum was that 17.4 million people (51.9% of the total) voted to leave the EU, and 16.1 million (48.1%) voted to remain.

In the Tonbridge & Malling Borough, 41229 people (55.7%) voted to leave and 32792 (44.3%) voted to remain in the EU. This was a turnout of 79.6% of the electorate.

The UK Government invoked Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union in March 2017, triggering a two-year process of negotiations, culminating in the UK formally leaving the European Union on 29th March 2019 or at the end of any agreed extension or transition period.

When is the UK leaving the EU?

The EU and UK have agreed a further delay to Brexit until 31 October 2019.

Boris Johnson became the UK's Prime Minister on the 23rd July. In his first speech as PM, he set out his intention ‘to fulfil the repeated promises of parliament to the people and come out of the EU on 31 October, no ifs or buts’.

The Government has repeated it would prefer to leave the EU with a deal but, if it is not possible to negotiate a better deal, it will still leave on the 31 October without one and is making all necessary preparations to do so.


There is no shortage of information and analysis available on Brexit, including speculative research, although navigating through it can be quite difficult.

A number of useful links are included here - but this is by no means an exhaustive list.

  • GOV.UK UK Government information about EU Exit including the article 50 process, negotiations, and announcements about policy changes as a result of EU Exit.
  • UK Parliament: Exiting the European Union Parliament news on Exiting the EU.
  • Department for Exiting the European Union (DExEU) Department responsible for overseeing negotiations to leave the EU and establishing the future relationship between the UK and EU. The DExEU pages cover the article 50 process, negotiations, and announcements about police changes as a result of EU exit. There is also a collection of guidance documents on how to prepare if the UK leaves the EU with no deal.
  • UK Parliament: Brexit research and analysis Research and analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on how leaving the EU will affect different policy areas in the UK.
  • Brexit Glossary: This Commons Library research briefing contains a list of commonly-used terms and acronyms that have needed clarification since the United Kingdom voted in the June 2016 EU referendum. It is not a comprehensive list but will be expanded and updated periodically.
  • European Commission Information about Brexit negotiations and Brexit preparedness.
  • European Council Tracker of events related to Brexit.
  • European Parliament Impact and consequences of Brexit.
  • Local Government Association The Local Government Association is the voice of local government during the negotiations regarding the UK's exit from the European Union.
  • Institute for Government The Institute for Government has launched a major programme of work looking at the negotiations, the UK’s future relationship with the EU and the impact of Brexit on the UK union.
  • Canterbury Christchurch University: Centre for European Studies (CEFEUS) The CEFEUS Brexit Hub is the portal for research, academic content and expertise on all things Brexit.
  • BBC This link includes key guides and experts views.
  • Full Fact The UK’s independent fact-checking charity. This website has a section specifically dedicated to Brexit in Law.
  • The UK in a Changing Europe Provides an authoritative and impartial reference point for those looking for information, insights and analysis about UK-EU relations that stands aside from the politics surrounding the debate.